This 120-mile long and 37-mile wide mountainous area covers approximately 4,600 square miles of the country. The area is preserved by the volunteers of Schwarzwaldverein (Black Forest Society), the oldest existing German hiking and mountaineering club.
This mountainous range is made up of gneiss rock, covered with a layer of sandstone. Some of the tallest mountains in this area include the Feldberg, Herzogenhorn, Belchen, Spieshorn, Schauinsland, and Kandel. The Black Forest was an important mining region of the European continent in medieval times.
Rivers such as the Danube, Neckar, Wiese, and the Murg cut through the mountainous range, thus providing this region ample water to preserve its rich ecology. The tarn lakes present in this area, validate the fact that the Black Forest was covered by glaciers during the last glacial period, the Würm glaciation.
This region is particularly made up of pine and fir trees. Though excessive lumbering has led to the depletion of forest cover, efforts are being made to replenish it. The region is home to rare species like horses known as the 'Black Forest Foxes' and Hinterwalderberg cows. The giant earthworm (Lumbricus badensis) is endemic to this part of the world.
Tourism and Other Industries
For tourists seeking something other than nature, there are museums like the Vogtsbauernhöfe―an open air museum showing the life of farmers in 17th and 18th century and the German Clock Museum in Furtwangen which speaks about the history of clock manufacturing. Even mines dating back to medieval times have been re-opened and developed as tourist spots.
Legends and Traditions
Yet another fable talks about a king living in the deep waters of the lake, who drags women to his underwater kingdom. Then there are age-old traditions, like the practice of bringing the last grape harvest home on a bullock-cart. It is believed that if they don't follow this tradition, the whole crop turns sour.
The Black Forest in Germany is truly a marvelous place that mother nature has bestowed upon humanity. It's truly a wonderful experience that everyone should immerse themselves into ... at least, once in their lifetime.