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These Facts about Zimbabwe are Sure to Feed Your Travel Fantasies

Facts about Zimbabwe
One of the most interesting African countries to attract a tourist is Zimbabwe. So if you wish to explore Zimbabwe, you would want to read this article for some interesting facts.
Anuja Marathe Kanhere
Last Updated: Dec 09, 2017
Zimbabwe is one of the prominent countries in the continent of Africa. With a culture dating back to thousands of years and the gift of abundant natural beauty, Zimbabwe can be an explorer's delight. This article will share with you some fascinating details about this 'Land of Ophir'.
History and Politics
Primitively, the land was known as Southern Rhodesia. The names changed over a period of time into Rhodesia followed by Zimbabwe Rhodesia. The country is currently known as Republic of Zimbabwe. Arabian countries from Middle East and Portugal were some of the trading partners of Zimbabwe since olden times. It was explored to great scale by explorer David Livingstone. It was a British imperial colony under the name of Southern Rhodesia held by British South Africa Company. It gained its political independence on 18th April 1980. Robert Mugabe has been the president and commander-in-chief of Zimbabwe ever since it gained its independence and till date.
The government has been semi-presidential republic since Zimbabwe's independence. In the year 1987, Mugabe revised the constitution thereby abolishing the posts of prime minister, to form an executive presidential system. There have been numerous uprisings against the government rule as it has always been alleged that elections take place through malpractices like frauds and vote-rigging.
Zimbabwe is located in the south-eastern tip of Africa. Being a landlocked country, Zimbabwe shares its political borders with South Africa to its south, Mozambique to its east, Zambia to its north-west and Botswana to its south-west. The country lies between two African rivers Zambezi and Limpopo. The country lies between 20° 0'0''S latitudes and 30° 0'0''E longitudes. The highest part of Zimbabwe is Mt. Nyangani at a height of 2592 mts.
Area and Terrain
The total area of Zimbabwe totals up to 390580 sq. km out of which 3910 sq. km are covered by water masses and 386670 sq. km are plain lands. The total length of the country's border adds up to 3066 km out of which it shares approximately 1231 km with Mozambique, 797 km with Zambia, 813 km with Botswana and a mere 225 km with South Africa.

The whole of Zimbabwe terrain is made up of fertile high central plateau and high mountain form in the eastern side. The land is a rich terrain diversity in the form of Savannah grasslands, forests, granite mountains, moors, rivers and lush green fertile plains.
Zimbabwe has always been known as the legendary land of Ophir or the ancient country that was a rich source of ivory and gold to Hiram, Sheba and Solomon. Even today, The land is blessed with abundant mines of gold, copper, iron ore, nickel, platinum, lithium, coal, chromium and asbestos.
Zimbabwe has a moderate tropical climate. It experiences heavy rainfall between November and March each year.
The predominant vegetation on the central plateau is that of the msasa trees. Some other deciduous trees found on this land include mopane, baobabs, savanna palms and giant heath.
Animal Life
The country has been rich in animal life since primitive times. However, there has been rampant poaching for ivory for quite many years. Zimbabwe is known for animals such as lions, elephants, wild buffaloes, leopards, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, water buck, zebra, hogs, fox, otter, gorillas, chimpanzees, baboons, giraffes, etc. Zimbabwe is a prominent country on the list of African safaris.
Population and Culture
As of July 2011, the population of Zimbabwe was just above 12,000,000. There is poor life expectancy on account of raging AIDS problems, infant mortality and poverty. The land is known for its Zulu, Vadoma, Shona and Lemba tribes. White Zimbabweans account for just about 1% of the total population. The prominent religion is Christianity with a small number of population worshiping traditional tribal deities. The official language of Zimbabwe is English and is spoken only in bigger cities and towns. Other principal languages of the land include Shona and Ndebele. As far as literacy rate is concerned, Zimbabwe boasts of the highest adult literacy rate in the entire Africa.
Occupation of people
The population is primarily engaged in activities like gold and resource mining, agriculture, etc. Some educated population is also engaged in tourism and commercial trading activities.
Currency and Inflation
The Zimbabwean Dollar (Z$) was the primary currency of the nation until 12th April 2009. Thereafter, due to severe inflation and political unrest, the value of this currency hit rock bottom. The highest value of Zimbabwean paper currency denomination stands at Z$100 trillion. The rising inflation forced the head of Zimbabwean bank to redenominate their currency 3 times. The ever-increasing inflation of Zimbabwean economy has completely crashed its official currency. As of July 2008, the inflation in Zimbabwe stood at a shocking 231,150,888.87%. Thereafter, the principal bank of Zimbabwe has permitted usage of currencies like South African Rand, Euro, US dollar and Sterling Pound for all its official transactions.
Major Cities and Tourist Attractions
Harare city
This is the capital of Zimbabwe and was known by the name Salisbury until 1982. Harare is the largest city in the country and is also its commercial capital. The city houses the University of Zimbabwe.
This is the second largest city of Zimbabwe after Harare and is treated as an independent province. It is a multicultural city and is home to many ethnic communities of Zimbabwe.
Victoria Falls
Victora Falls
A visit to Zimbabwe would sound incomplete without a tour to the famed Victoria Falls. The falls were named so by explorer David Livingstone in honor of Queen Victoria in the year 1855. The falls stand on the edge of the Zambezi gorge.
Hwange National Park
Hwange Nation park
This national park is located within a very short distance from the famed Victoria falls. It is host to a rich and exciting variety of animal life and Savannah grasslands. The park is home to a spectacular variety of rare birds and is a paradise for bird watchers. The park is known as Africa's largest game reserve.
Lake Kariba Safari
Lake Kabira
Located near the river Zambezi, lake Kariba is worth visiting from April to August and again around September and October. The lake is clustered with scenic islands, mountains and lush forests. Houseboats stays on lake Kariba are considered to be an unforgettable experience. However, you may have to go in for an advanced booking as booking tend to get full during peak season.
Other major attractions include the Great Zimbabwe ruins, Matopos National Park, Mana Pools National park, etc. Considered as one of the top vacation spots in Africa, the country has a lot of natural beauty to offer to its tourists. So, do plan a visit to Zimbabwe.