The Republic of Peru, or simply Peru, is a country in the continent of South America, on the western side. The Pacific ocean lies to the west of Peru, while other countries like Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile lie to the remaining three sides. It ranks 19th among the largest countries in the world, and is known for its multi-ethnic population.
Important Facts and Information About Peru
The history and culture of this country are one of the most fascinating ones found in the world. Similarly Inca, Machu Picchu, and Peru go hand-in-hand as this country was the home to this ancient civilization.
- Peru was under Spanish rule for a long time and gained independence on 28th July 1821. However, it took nearly 3 years for Peru to get its recognition and it finally materialized on 9th December 1824.
- It was also the last country to gain independence among all the Spanish colonies.
- The Inca civilization originated in 1200 B.C. in the Cuzco area of southeastern Peru. The Incas lived in Peru until 1533.
- Monarchy existed in Peru during the Inca civilization (till 1532). In the same year the Inca Emperor was defeated and Peru became a colony of Spain.
- The famous Machu Picchu was the location of the Inca civilization. Machu Picchu is a world heritage today and also considered as one of the wonders of the world.
- The presence of the mysterious Nazca lines is a fascinating aspect of this country. These drawings have been made thousands of years ago and the reason for that same is still unknown.
- Peru has diverse geographic conditions with tall mountains, extensive plains, and numerous beaches. Snow covered peak of Alpamayo in Peruvian Andes as well as Peruvian rainforest are found here.
- The culture of Peru is dominated by Spanish and Indian American culture. The Peruvian cuisine and performing arts are based on these traditions; however, the arts and crafts have their roots in the Inca civilization.
- The largest lake in South America, Lake Titicaca, lies in Peru. It is also one of the highest navigable lakes in the world.
- Peru is the largest producer in South America for gold, zinc, timber, iron ore, and finest cotton.
- Potato, tomato, and avocado are believed to have originated here. At the same time, Tara, Maca, and Yacon are typically Peruvian products.
- Ceviche and Pisco Sour are respectively the trademark dish and drink of Peruvian cuisine. Secondly, Lomo Saltado, Pachamanca are also famous dishes of Peru.
- Beatriz Merino was the first and the only (so far) female Prime Minister of Peru.
- Although a developing country, around 90% of literacy rate is found in the county. This may be because attending primary as well as secondary school is compulsory in Peru.
- Capital ― Lima
- Official Language ― Spanish
- Government ― Presidential/Constitutional Republic
- Anthem ― Himno Nacional del Perú
- Currency ― Nuevo sol (PEN)
- Independence day ― 28th July
- Major cities ― Piura, Arequipa, Chimbote, Trujillo, Cusco
- Religion ― Roman Catholic
- National Sport ― Football
- National Animal ― Vicuna
Prominently known for the Inca civilization, Machu Picchu and Nazca, Peru is definitely worth a visit at least once in a lifetime. So, plan your vacations to Peru and head on.