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These Facts Reveal the Miracle That is the Leaning Tower of Pisa

Leaning Tower of Pisa Facts
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the most famous monuments in the world. Credited as a popular tourist spot, the Tower of Pisa is full of amazing facts.
Sheetal Mandora
Last Updated: Feb 20, 2018
Whenever I think of the Leaning Tower of Pisa, I'm flooded with the most unforgettable and beautiful memories of my trip to Italy. The Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy or Torre pendente di Pisa, is basically a bell tower. The reason its so-called name is because of its inclination towards the southwest direction. Earlier during the construction, this inclination was towards the southeast direction. It is said that the inclination was caused right after the construction of the tower in 1173, because of poor foundation and loose substrate. It stands tall measuring at 183.27 ft on the leaning side, while on the highest side, it scales up to 186.02 ft.

The tower actually stands by itself and is behind the Cathedral and Piazza del Duomo, a.k.a. Pisa's Cathedral Square. As you may already know, many tourists like to take pictures with the tower in the background and pretending to hold it up. Now that it's clear how tall the Tower is, let's shed some light.
History of the Tower
In technicality, there are 4 different buildings, the Pisa tower being one of them. The first question that comes to mind when you see a magnificent tower as this, you can't help but wonder, who built the Tower? Its history has been under controversy for decades as to who the original architect of the Tower was?
It is believed that Bonanno Pisano was the man who created the Leaning Tower of Pisa. After the tower reached its third floor construction in 1178, they had to stop the work as the structure started to sink in the ground. This was due to weak and unstable soil where the foundation was being constructed. The work was halted for almost 100 years after that.
the four buildings in pisa
The tower was completed by Giovanni di Simone and Tommano Simone. The halt in the construction gave time to the soil to settle; otherwise the tower would've definitely collapsed. As there was a tilt in the building, the engineers had to build the next 4 floors, with one side taller than the other. Thus it manipulated the tower to lean in the opposite direction.
Facts About the Leaning Tower of Pisa
the leaning tower of pisa
♜ The Tower weighs approximately 14,700 metric tons.
♜ The tower consists of 297 steps; the north-facing staircase on the 7th floor is short of two steps.
♜ The construction period was from 1173-1372, which adds up to nearly two centuries.
♜ Before the restoration work began in 1990, the tower leaned at an angle of 5.5 degrees.
♜ After the completion of the restoration work in 2001, it now tilts at an angle of 3.99 degrees.
♜ The tower is 8 stories high. The shape of the tower is cylindrical and to reach the top of the tower, you need to climb the 294 steps spiraling from the inner side of the tower walls.
♜ In 1198, a temporary clock was placed on the third floor.
♜ Once you are actually inside the tower, you can notice the tilt significantly. You may feel dizzy as the tilt of the tower seems more like a curve.
♜ Galileo Galilei had dropped two cannon balls of different masses from the tower. This demonstrates the speed of descent and its mass are independent from each other. Here's where he made one of the greatest theory of gravity.
♜ There are around 207 columns in total ranged around 8 stories. The tower looks as if they are layers of cake, topped on one another.
♜ During World War II, the Nazis used the tower as an observation post. A U.S. Sergeant was in charge of the tower and decided not to strike it down. This decision saved the tower from being destroyed.
♜ Guinness World Records measured the Tower and the Leaning Tower of Suurhusen, East Frisia, Germany. Pisa was measured at about 3.99 degrees and Suurhusen was measured at an angle of 5.19 degrees. The leaning tower of Suurhusen beat the previous record-holder, the world-famous Pisa.
The Bells
the bells in the leaning tower of pisa
✤ 1st bell is called L'Assunta, and was placed in 1654 by Giovanni Pietro Orlandi. It weighs around 7,981 lbs.
✤ 2nd bell is called Il Crocifisso, and was placed in 1572 by Vincenzo Possenti. It weighs around 5,428 lbs.
✤ 3rd bell is called San Ranieri, and was placed between the years 1719-1721 by Giovanni Andrea Moreni. It weighs around 3,192 lbs.
✤ 4th bell is called La Terza, and was placed in 1473. It weighs around 661 lbs.
✤ 5th bell was placed in 1262 by Lotteringo. It is called La Pasquereccia or La Giustizia. It weighs around 2,235 lbs.
✤ 6th bell is called Il Vespruccio, and was placed in the 14th century and again in 1501 by Nicola di Jacopo. It weighs around 2,205 lbs.
✤ 7th bell is called Dal Pozzo, which was placed in 1606 and again in 2004. It weighs around 1,437 lbs.
The Piazza del Duomo
piazza del duomo
According to the engineers, the Tower has stopped sinking from 2008 and will be stable for at least 200 years more. This has been measured by accurate readings and advance technology, so feel free to stand as close as you want to the tower (well, as close as the security guard allows you to).

Once you are standing in front of this magnificent tower, you will be stunned and delighted at the same time. The facts are astounding and are clearly visible when you see it yourself. It is difficult to explain the actual magnitude of this tower if you haven't really witnessed it yourself. The Tower of Pisa is a beautiful, breathtaking, and magnificent structure constructed by humankind.
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