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Mexico Facts for Kids That'll Give Them an Insight Into the Nation

Mexico Facts for Kids
Mexico is known the world over for many things, including its lively performing arts scene, its cuisine, its history, and of course, the cool and carefree nature of its people. This Vacayholics write-up will list some interesting facts about Mexico for kids.
Shashank Nakate
Last Updated: Feb 14, 2018
One of the largest economies in the world, Mexico is a North American country with an estimated population of about 117.41 million (according to the World Population Statistics, 2013). The second most populated country in the whole of Latin America, Mexico boasts of a very long pre-Columbian history, where different advanced civilizations like Olmec, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec rose and flourished, before the land came into contact with the European world. By 1521 CE, Spain had gained complete hold over this region and they had established their rule over what is today's Mexico. The administration was carried out under the viceroyalty of New Spain. Mexico became independent in 1821, however, faced instability and dictatorship for almost 90 years. It was in the year 1910 that the Mexican Revolution took place and a new constitution came into force (from the year 1917).
Mexico Map
➥ Mexico is part of the continent of North America. It is surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico on the east; the Caribbean Sea, Belize, and Guatemala on the southeast; and by the Pacific Ocean on the south and west.

➥ The total area of Mexico is 761,600 sq miles. This makes it, area-wise, the fifth largest nation in the Americas and the thirteenth largest independent country in the whole world.
➥ The total number of states in Mexico is thirty one. The country also has a federal district, which is Mexico City, the country's capital and largest city.

➥ Mexico is amongst the few countries on earth that lie in the dangerous earthquake zone. The earthquake-prone area in Mexico, known as 'Ring of Fire', is home to many volcanoes.
Mexican Flag
➥ The colors of Mexican flag have a special meaning associated with them. Green stands for victory and hope, while the Mexican ideals are denoted by white. The sacrifices of heroes of the nation are depicted in red.

➥ The official name of Mexico is United Mexican States. It is a federal republic, meaning that it is a federation of states governed by a republican government.
➥ The world's second longest border lies between Mexico and the US. This border is second in length only to the border shared by Canada and USA.
Mexico City
➥ Mexico City, is amongst the most populated cities in the world. As per the figures released by the World Population Review, the total population of Mexico City in 2013 was about nine million.

➥ New Mexico, 47th state of the US lies on the border of Mexico. It is greatly influenced by Mexican culture.
➥ Indigenous people represent about 10% of the country's total population. The indigenous people of this country form the poorer lot, with nearly half their population living under the poverty line. Ironically, the World Bank has rated Mexico as an upper-middle income country.
Mexico currency
➥ Mexico's currency is known as Mexican peso. It is the most traded currency in Latin America, third most traded in North America, and eighth most traded in the world.

➥ One of the major economies of the world, Mexico is the world's largest producer of silver, and the tenth largest producer of oil.
National bird of Mexico
➥ Golden Eagle is Mexico's national bird. It features on the country's flag and coat of arms.

➥ Mexico ranks amongst the world's eighteen mega-diverse countries (extremely biodiverse nation). It boasts of being home to over 200,000 different species which constitute around 12% of the total biodiversity of the world.
➥ It has 707 known species of reptiles, 438 species of mammals, 290 species of amphibians, and 26,000 different species of plants. Important animals found in Mexico are the jaguars, pumas, bears, rattlesnakes, turtles, and lizards.
➥ The world's smallest dog, Chihuahua is originally from Mexico; it is named after the Mexican state of Chihuahua.

➥ Every year, the monarch butterflies migrate to Mexico from Canada and the US.
➥ The southern jungles of Mexico are home to the jaguar. It is the largest among all wildcats found in North America.

➥ A rare kind of rabbit known as the 'Volcano Rabbit' is found only in Mexico. Since the rabbit inhabits the mountainous areas near volcanoes, it is named so.
Mexico Tourism, Cancun
➥ Tourism is one of the important industries of Mexico. Tourists come here mainly to see the beaches, architecture, and archaeological sites. Los Cabos, Acapulco, and Cancun (shown above) are amongst the top tourist destinations where you can spend time in the vicinity of beaches.

➥ Mexico is making rapid progress on the technology front; in 2008, it gained the top spot in the list of largest smartphone producers in the world.
Mexico History
➥ The ancient Aztecs built their city of Tenochtitlan on an island in the Lake Texcoco. Mexico City was built over Tenochtitlan by the Spaniards. The image shows slaves building Mexico City over the ruins of Tenochtitlan.

➥ In the Americas, it was in Mexico City that the first print shop was ever inaugurated. Now known as the House of the First Print Shop in the Americas, it was built in 1524 by Gerónimo de Aguilar.
➥ To avoid the annual flooding of the lake, large quantities of its water was drained off. Owing to this, the city is sinking today at the rate of a few centimeters each year. Today, Lake Texcoco remains in the form of a small water body, some four kilometers east of the Mexican capital.

➥ Chocolate was introduced to the world by Mexicans.
Mexican culture
➥ 'Cinco de Mayo' is celebrated to mark the victory of Mexico over France in the 'Battle of Puebla' (1862). Celebrations are held on the fifth of May each year in America and in some parts of Mexico.

➥ Mexico has the second largest Catholic population in the entire world, after Brazil. Catholics constitute about 82.7% of the total population of the country.
➥ The official language of Mexico is Spanish, but they speak other tongues as well. It has the highest number of Spanish-speaking population in the entire world. As many as 62 different indigenous languages are spoken in the country today.

➥ Modern Mexican literature is largely influenced by the Spanish colonial concepts. Some of the most noted Mexican writers include Octavio Paz, Alfonso Reyes, José Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi, Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, and Carlos Fuentes, amongst others.
➥ The literature of Mexico has its roots in the ancient, pre-Hispanic civilizations that flourished on the land. Through Mexico's ancient literary remains, we know of a pre-Hispanic poet, Nezahualcoyotl (1402 - 1472), who belonged to the Acolhua culture that flourished in the eastern part of the Valley of Mexico.
An attempt has been made to include as many facts about Mexico as possible. We hope this makes for an interesting read, and adds to your knowledge about the beautiful country.
Torre Del Caballito Sculpture Mexico
Cibeles Fountain In Mexico City
Flag Of Mexico
Aerial View Of Mexico City
Children On Parade Mexico Revolution Day
Children On Parade Mexico Revolution Day
Palacio De Bellas Artes
Zapopan Mexico
Kabah Main Palace Mexico
Baroque Church In Colonial Taxco Mexico
Palacio Nacional Mexico City
Templo Expiatorio Church And Courtyard
Ferry In Mexico
Merida Monument
Mexico City Museum
Mayan Statue
Water Sport In Mexican Sinkhole Mexico
Day Of The Dead Parade Mexico
Parque Ninos Heroes Statues
Beach In Cozumel Mexico
Mayan Deity Statue From Mexico
San Miguel De Allende Mexico
Auditorio Nacional In Mexico City
Cenote Ik Kil Mexico
Cathedral Metropolitan In Mexico City