Interesting Facts About China
Other notable inventions include the wheelbarrow, cast iron, the iron plow, the suspension bridge, the parachute, compass, matches, raised relief maps, the propeller, the cross bow and the cannon. The Chinese were also the first to use natural gas as fuel. The Chinese astronomers were the first to make notes about the Supernova.
The establishment meant an end of the Qing Dynasty, the last dynasty in China. The total population of China is more than one billion. It is the most populated country in the world. Around a fifth of the world's population resides in China.
The first rebellion in China took place during the Qin Dynasty in 221 BC. It was also the dynasty to unify the whole of China and set up the post of the Emperor, along with standardizing the Chinese language. It was followed by the Han Dynasty, the Three Kingdoms and the short-lived Sui Dynasty. The Tang and Song Dynasties also ruled over China, until the Mongol leader Kublai Khan formed the Yuan Dynasty. The Yuan Dynasty was overthrown in 1368, giving way to the Ming Dynasty in 1644.
The first emperor of China was Shi Huang-Ti. He is remembered in China for his ruthlessness and harsh laws, and most notably his burning of books circa 213 BC. He also built a network of around two hundred and seventy palaces, which were linked by tunnels. At the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1947, constitutional rule was established, with the Communist Party of China controlling Mainland China. Mao Zedong led the Communist Party of China.
China has about fifty-six recognized ethnic groups in itself, with the biggest ethnic group being the Han. Altogether, there are around hundred ethnic groups. China is a secular and atheist country, although it does offer religion on a personal basis as well as supervised religious organizations, like Buddhism, Taoism and the immortal Confucian mentality. Around three percent of the Chinese population are Christians, while about two percent follow the ways of Islam.
Beijing is the capital of China and is one of the most populous cities in the world. It is China's political, educational, cultural and military hub. The largest city of China is Shanghai. There are between 7 and 13 main regional groups in China. The most spoken language is Mandarin, followed by Wu, Cantonese and Min.
The Chinese consider red as their lucky color. Red is a symbol of happiness for them and is commonly used at Chinese festivals, weddings, birthdays and other festive occasions. The Giant Panda is China's most loved animal. Pandas are also considered symbols of bravery.
The Chinese calendar dates back to 2600 BC and is based on the cycles of the moon. The Chinese National Day is celebrated on 1st October and is a holiday in China.