That Canada is the second-largest country in the world in terms of land area, is a well-known fact, but did you know that unlike the United States, which is divided into fifty states, Canada only has ten provinces and three territories to its credit. The ten provinces of Canada are Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan, while the three territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon. On March 31, 1949, Newfoundland and Labrador became the last province to join Canada.
As far as the Canadian provinces are concerned, they get their power from the Constitution Act of 1867. With jurisdiction over public sector, like health care, education, and welfare, they can function independent of the federal government to a certain extent. The Canadian territories though, do not have this liberty. They are given certain powers by the federal government. In Canada, it is easier to create a new territory than a new province, as the latter requires an amendment.
Canada came into existence when three British North American territories, namely the Province of Canada (present day Ontario and Quebec), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia came together. After several changes to both, the external and internal borders, the country looks like this today.
**For a printable version of the outline map of Canada, click on the image.
The province of Newfoundland and Labrador was the last province to join the Canadian Confederation. Since then, several regions, including Montreal and Northern Ontario, have witnessed movements lobbying for provincehood. Even the three Canadian territories have time and again demanded that they be upgraded to provinces. What's even more interesting, is that US states like Maine and Vermont have also witnessed movements in favor of seceding from the Union and joining Canada as a province. With all this lobbying taking place, it won't be surprising if the map of Canada changes in the near future, with more provinces and/or territories being added to the same.